Coverage of EPR: -
There are mainly 4 categories covered under the EPR and their bifurcation are as follow: -
Category – I: - Rigid Plastic Packaging involves utilization of plastic materials such as polypropylene (PP), high-density polyethylene (HDPE), and polyethylene (PET) for packaging of new bottles and containers. These materials are durable and lightweight. The products are plastic containers with open tops and separate closures, lids, or covers. Rigid containers include glass and plastic bottles and jars, cans, pottery, wood, boxes, drums, tins, plastic pots and tubes. Rigid materials mean a material or composition of materials which cannot be folded and can support its own weight when rested upon parallel edges of such materials. They are generally “nestable” Food containers and can be recycled.
Category – II: - Flexible Plastic Packaging of single layered or multilayer (more than one layer with different types of plastic), plastic sheets or like and covers made of plastic sheet, carry bags (including carry bags made of compostable plastics), plastic sachet, Pouches, the film lids found on ready-meals, bread bags, breakfast cereal lining, crisp packets, cellophane, cling film and shrink wrap etc. LDPE (low density polyethylene) is a soft, flexible, lightweight plastic material.
Category – III: - Multi-layered plastic packaging is defined as any material used or to be used for packaging and having at least one layer of plastic as the main ingredient in combination with one or more layers of material such as paper, paperboard, polymeric material, metalized layers or aluminium foil, either in the form of laminate or co-extruded structure. Multi-layered plastics (MLP) used for packaging by fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) companies.
Category – IV: -Plastic Sheets or like used for packaging as well as carry bags made of compostable plastic. Compostable plastics are derived from renewable materials like corn, potato, and tapioca starches, cellulose, soy protein, and lactic acid. Compostable plastics are non-toxic and decompose back into carbon dioxide, water, and biomass when composted. compostable plastics are made from polylactic acid (PLA). PLA is made from dextrose, a sugar produced by plants.